6 Achieve universal primary education
Where are we?
In due course, Thailand’s mandatory education of nine years, required by the National Education Act, will be expanded to twelve years, as envisioned by the Constitution. Having achieved near-universal primary education, Thailand is focusing on expanding secondary enrolment and upgrading the quality of education, both of which are instrumental not only for deepening human development, but also for enhancing national competitiveness.
The greatest challenge lies in improving quality.The prevailing situation indicates weakness in both skills, such as mathematics, science and English, and creative and critical thinking, which are the basis for meaningful learning for people of all ages. It is important to focus education reform on the curriculum, learning process and teacher development to achieve interactive and student-centred education. Information and communication technology (ICT) is expected to bridge the urban-rural gap and help prepare Thai students and the community to participate in a knowledge-based society. Finally, expanding learning opportunities outside the classroom and life skills development add to the quality agenda.
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG2
- Ensure that, by 2015, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
- Net enrolment ratio in primary education
- Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary