6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Where are we?
Through strong and sustained political action, Thailand mobilized a broad-based response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The result is a significant slowing of the spread of HIV/AIDS in Thailand. However, HIV/AIDS remains a major challenge. HIV is a moving target in terms of geography, and is spreading unchecked among some groups, including injecting drug users, men who have sex with men and informal commercial sex workers. New vulnerability has been recognized in industrial hubs, border areas, youth and mobile population groups such as migrants, seafarers and construction workers. In response, Thailand is revitalizing its multi-sectoral response, and shifting the focus of prevention towards young people in general and specific vulnerable groups. In addition, as antiretroviral (ARV) drugs become more affordable, Thailand is committed to expanding access to these drugs to improve the health and well-being of those living with HIV/AIDS.
HIV prevalence among men having sex with men (MSM) and transgender people (TG) remains at a crisis level in the country, the highest reported in Bangkok at 31.1% among MSM and 16.7% in 2010 and the highest among all key affected populations. TGs and MSM in urban areas of Thailand today are said to be twenty times more likely to be living with HIV than people in the general Thai population.
A recent report highlighted that human rights related to AIDS was not given priority. Like gender, HIV/AIDS and human rights as well as stigma and discrimination have been recently used as a cross–cutting issue to mutually form a continuing platform to address the issues related to the “AIDS Rights Protection” in changing dynamics with regard to national conventions, including 2009 National Human Development Report and the 11th National Social and Economic Development Plan, and the UNPAF for 2012-2016.
HIV prevalence among MSM in Bangkok, Thailand (2009)
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG6
- Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
- HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
- Condom use at last high-risk sex
- Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
- Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
- Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
- Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs