2009 Thailand National Human Development Report: Human Security, Today and Tomorrow


Human development puts people and their well-being at the centre of development and provides an alternative to the traditional, more narrowly focused, economic growth paradigm.  Human development is about people, about expanding their choices and capabilities to live long, healthy, knowledgeable, and creative lives.  Human development embraces equitable economic growth, sustainability, human rights, participation, security, and political freedom.

Over the past 50 years, world economy has expanded at an unprecedented pace.  The benefits of globalization have spread wide and far.  More people are better fed and housed and living standards have risen to enable hundreds of millions to enjoy a decent living.  From a human development perspective, much more is needed to ensure that these economic advances are equitably shared, leaving no group or country behind, and that people’s lives are enriched without adversely affecting the well-being of others and future generations.

Despite its unprecedented scale and diversity, the world’s 20th century growth has been badly distributed and today’s consumption patterns and trends have often become inimical to human development.  They undermine the environmental resource base and exacerbating inequalities.

Thailand is no exception.  For more than three decades, it has adopted the growth-led approach as a key strategy to achieve its development goals.  While it has seen a remarkable progress in human development and poverty reduction, moving from a Human Development Index of 0.678 in 1985 to 0.781 in 2005 – the country continues to face persistent development challenges of unequal income distribution, rural/urban divide, social tensions relentless deprivation among some marginal groups and in remote areas, and serious depletion of environmental resources.  All these challenges have direct effect and threat facing humanity.  Therefore, it is inevitable to look at how development challenges are or could be related to the “human security” aspect.


The Thailand National Human Development Report 2009 was published and finally launched on 10 May 2010 at Siam City Hotel in Bangkok.

Prior to the launch, the following strategies were used to ensure the success of the publication: 1) Assessing and analysing situations through conducting a literature and related data review in order to prepare the annotated outline. 2) Participatory consultation process through action research methodology – interactive dialogues with targeted groups in 4 major provinces, representing each respective region in Thailand for the preparation of a Report on the human security issues related to food security, environmental security, personal security and political and socio-economic security. 3) Involvement of key partners who actively take part in human security campaigns and activities in Thailand, including the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security, CSOs, media groups, and related UN agencies.


Total Budget of USD 175,000 (Period: 1 Sep 2008 - 30 Nov 2009)
Donor Amount contributed (USD) 
UNDP 175,000
Project Overview
Project Start Date
1 September 2008
Project End Date
30 November 2009
Focus Area(s)
Human Development
MDG 1, 3, 4, 7
Project Officer
Ms. Tongta Khiewpaisal
The Bureau of Policy and Strategy under the Office of the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Social Development and Human Security
Project Document
Thailand Human Development Report 2009

Project Document for the 2009 Thailand Human Development Report: Human Security, Today and Tomorrow