Thailand’s climate change master plan nears completion
BANGKOK - Thailand’s draft climate change master plan went through its last round of public consultation on 8 August at the Twin Towers Hotel in Bangkok.
Organized by the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning’s Office of Climate Change Coordination, the forum received about 500 participants from government agencies, civil society’s organizations, academic institutions and development partners.
The meeting was the last in a series of five public consultations organized across the country. The 40-year master plan, set to continue through 2050, aims to provide a framework and mechanism for effective response and preparedness to manage climate change challenges in adaptation, mitigation, and capacity building and institutional readiness issues.
“The most important thing is for this plan to get implanted. The financial mechanism to support implantation of this master plan is crucial,” said Ms. Nirawan Pipitsombat, Director of Office of Climate Change Coordination in her introductory remarks.
Pipitsombat thanked UNDP for providing a study of Climate Public Expenditures and Institutional Review (CPEIR) which helped the government analyze climate-related expenditures and its flow in the budgetary and non-budgetary process, and the flow from national to local levels.
“[CPEIR] has provided a good basis for us to identify financial measures to support implementation,” said Ms. Nirawan Pipitsombat, Director of Office of Climate Change Coordination in her introductory remarks.
The draft plan specifies measures to be taken in short, medium, and long terms with assigned key responsible agencies. These include some recommended by CPEIR including developing budget codes to screen and prioritize climate-related activities in line ministries’ budget proposals; to set up a domestic adaptation facility to finance adaptation actions at the local level, and the development of fiscal and financial measures for climate change actions.
This is Thailand’s second draft of its master plan as the first was scrapped in 2010, due to public protest of its non-participatory approach. The second round began in 2011 and closed with a series of public consultation forums in four regions and in Bangkok, including a separate round with the private sector. The final draft of the master plan is expected to be put forward for the Cabinet’s endorsement later this month.
The draft climate change master plan (in Thai) can be accessed at www.onep.go.th