UNDP Annual Report 2018
As one of the world’s largest multilateral development agencies, present in over 170 countries and territories, UNDP is on the frontlines of anticipating, understanding and acting on today’s opportunities and risks.
Oct 31, 2019
Social enterprise and social innovation address challenges and opportunities within communities and, in many ways, promote inclusion of the most vulnerable and marginalized as well as provide a platform for voice and economic participation for those who are left behind. They can potentially be great tools to tackle today’s challenges that are increasingly complex, interrelated, and unpredictable. However, a majority of social entreprises and social innovation knowledge and resource networks and platforms are centralized in the big cities while in reality, there are many potential talents and conveners living all over. Moreover, each region is very different in term of needs, challenges, conditions, resources, etc., therefore, a deep understanding of local context and a wide range of networks to connect with are crucial. For this reason, local people and local spaces are ultimately the key sites of development to further develop the social enterprise and social innovation ecosystem in each respective region.
Oct 22, 2019
The Kingdom of Thailand became an upper-middle income country in 2011, an impressive achievement as less than a generation ago it ranked as low-income. The country’s Human Development Index mirrors this progress, having increased from 0.57 in 1990 to 0.73 in 2015,1 placing the country in the high human development category. Thailand has met most of the Millennium Development Goals on an aggregate basis, with the Southern Border Provinces and Northeast regions lagging behind. Rapid industrialization, built around cheap labour with technology importation, and growth have lifted many out of poverty. Nationwide, poverty has decreased significantly, from 67 per cent in 1986 to 10.6 per cent in 2014 (10.12 per cent women; 10.99 per cent men).3 The incidence of poverty in Bangkok is virtually zero (1.6 per cent) while in the South and Northeast the rates are much higher (13.8 and 17 per cent respectively). In spite of the upper middle-income status, development challenges remain, including pockets of poverty, widespread inequality by geography and ethnicity and growing vulnerability to climate change and natural disasters. Corruption hampers equal access to social and economic opportunities, and combined with unsustainable growth, contributes to the unsustainable use of natural resources.